Nogal, M., O’Connor, A., Caulfield, B. and Martinez-Pastor, B., (2016), ‘Resilience of Traffic Networks: From Peturbation to Recivery via A Dynamic Restricted Equilibrium Model‘, Reliability Engineering and System Safety. 156(2016), pp. 84 - 96.
When a disruptive event takes place in a traffic network some important questions arise, such as how stressed the traffic network is, whether the system is able to respond to this stressful situation, or how long the system needs to re-cover a new equilibrium position after suffering this perturbation. Quantifying these aspects allows the comparison of different systems, to scale the degree of damage, to identify traffic network weaknesses, and to analyse the effect of user knowledge about the traffic network state. The indicator that accounts for performance and recovery pattern under disruptive events is known as resilience. This paper presents a methodology to assess the resilience of a traffic network when a given perturbation occurs, from the beginning of the perturbation to the total system recovery. To consider the dynamic nature of the problem, a new dynamic equilibrium-restricted assignment model is presented to simulate the network performance evolution, which takes into consideration important aspects, such as the cost increment due to the perturbation, the sys- tem impedance to alter its previous state and the user stress level. Finally, this methodology is used to evaluate the resilience indices of a real network.